Sufficient condition for rectifiability involving Wasserstein distance $W_2$


A Radon measure $\mu$ is $n$-rectifiable if it is absolutely continuous with respect to $\mathcal{H}^n$ and $\mu$-almost all of supp$\mu$ can be covered by Lipschitz images of $\mathbb{R}^n$. In this paper we give two sufficient conditions for rectifiability, both in terms of square functions of flatness-quantifying coefficients. The first condition involves the so-called $\alpha$ and $\beta_2$ numbers. The second one involves $\alpha_2$ numbers – coefficients quantifying flatness via Wasserstein distance $W_2$. Both conditions are necessary for rectifiability, too – the first one was shown to be necessary by Tolsa, while the necessity of the $\alpha_2$ condition is established in our recent paper. Thus, we get two new characterizations of rectifiability.

J. Geom. Anal. 31, 8539–8606